CODE_STYLE.md 3.1 KB

Code Style

We follow the standard Go style using gofmt, but with a few extra considerations.

Linters

We use gometalinter to run a number of linters, the exact list can be found in linter.json. Some of these are slow and expensive to run, but a subset can be found in linter-fast.json that run quickly enough to be run as part of an IDE.

For rare cases where a linter is giving a spurious warning, it can be disabled for that line or statement using a comment directive, e.g. // nolint: gocyclo. This should be used sparingly and only when its clear that the lint warning is spurious.

The linters are vendored, and can be run using scripts/find-lint.sh (see file for docs) or as part of a build/test/lint cycle using scripts/build-test-lint.sh.

HTTP Error Handling

Unfortunately, converting errors into HTTP responses with the correct status code and message can be done in a number of ways in golang:

  1. Having functions return JSONResponse directly, which can then either set it to an error response or a 200 OK.
  2. Have the HTTP handler try and cast error values to types that are handled differently.
  3. Have the HTTP handler call functions whose errors can only be interpreted one way, for example if a validate(...) call returns an error then handler knows to respond with a 400 Bad Request.

We attempt to always use option #3, as it more naturally fits with the way that golang generally does error handling. In particular, option #1 effectively requires reinventing a new error handling scheme just for HTTP handlers.

Line length

We strive for a line length of roughly 80 characters, though less than 100 is acceptable if necessary. Longer lines are fine if there is nothing of interest after the first 80-100 characters (e.g. long string literals).

TODOs and FIXMEs

The majority of TODOs and FIXMEs should have an associated tracking issue on github. These can be added just before merging of the PR to master, and the issue number should be added to the comment, e.g. // TODO(#324): ...

Logging

We generally prefer to log with static log messages and include any dynamic information in fields.

logger := util.GetLogger(ctx)

// Not recommended
logger.Infof("Finished processing keys for %s, number of keys %d", name, numKeys)

// Recommended
logger.WithFields(logrus.Fields{
    "numberOfKeys": numKeys,
    "entityName":   name,
}).Info("Finished processing keys")

This is useful when logging to systems that natively understand log fields, as it allows people to search and process the fields without having to parse the log message.

Visual Studio Code

If you use VSCode then the following is an example of a workspace setting that sets up linting correctly:

{
    "go.gopath": "${workspaceRoot}:${workspaceRoot}/vendor",
    "go.lintOnSave": "workspace",
    "go.lintTool": "gometalinter",
    "go.lintFlags": ["--config=linter-fast.json", "--concurrency=5"]
}